What is a Business Continuity Plan?

 All businesses are at a risk of facing challenges that could impact their normal operations. To mitigate such risks, a company needs a set of measures they would adopt in the unforeseen future. The said measures are what we call a Business Continuity Plan.

The main objective of a BCP is to ensure the safety of every person and to ensure normal business operations are not interrupted. When setting a BCP, there should be appointed members who would lead the rest of the team in case of an emergency.

A good BCP should be able to cater for:

  • ü  Staff members
  • ü  Customers/vendors/third parties
  • ü  Organization processes
  • ü  Technology
  • ü  Important documents(both soft and hard copies)
  • ü  The business premise/building
  • ü  Special equipment

Incident identification and escalation procedure

Each staff member should be able to identify any threat that would interrupt normal operations and know the proper channels to escalate. This is why it is important to have team leads who are equipped with the necessary skills and tools. Staff members are encouraged to swiftly adopt the BCP put in place and not to panic in the course of a disaster.

Event of a disaster

Disaster might strike during office hours or out of office hours. Regardless, this should not find any team player unprepared. If an incident that does not compromise your safety happens during office hours, carry any portable items with you as you head towards the emergency exit. Easy-to-carry items should include your mobile phones, laptops, iPad and personal essentials.  If time allows, safely put away sensitive documents that could easily be compromised.

Each staff member should assemble in the selected areas for a headcount. Await any instructions from the emergency team for the next course of action as outlined in the company’s BCP. Assembly points should be easily accessible and are normally located right next to the building for easy evacuation. A secondary location for assembly needs to be in place in case of a major incident like an attack where all members can be accounted for.

Should an incident happen outside office hours, the outlined call tree should be adopted. This will ensure each staff member is made aware of the said incident.

Recovery strategies

After a critical assessment of an incident, the emergency team has identified the nature and impact of the incident and recovery measures.

A good recovery plan should cover important grounds like:

·         Major decisions by the security team to be communicated to the Business Continuity Champions.

·         Emergency location in case the original location has been compromised. The emergency location needs to be already equipped with all the necessary working tools to ensure business runs smoothly amid crisis.

·         Contacts of the Business Continuity Champions and their alternates. A Business Continuity Head should contact a Business Continuity Champion to give updates on the impacts of a crisis and achievements attained on the elimination of a crisis.

·         Operations continuity at the emergency location.

·         Timelines on resolution.

·         Possible resumption of normal activities/original location


Basic checks at the recovery site

o    Check all the processes of operations are working as required. This should be done by the assigned leads and escalate any incidents that may seem abnormal.

o    Update staff members. The team leaders should make sure all the staff members are familiar on the steps to take when reporting in and out of the recovery locations to minimize compromise.

o    The ICT team should ensure the IT infrastructure is working perfectly at the emergency location and make sure all the original data is inaccessible by outsiders.

General public information

The general public should be informed in case of an emergency through relevant communication channels. The crisis management team should be prepared to handle and present answers to questions relayed by the media.

Should a staff member be approached by the media for any information, they should direct them to the Crisis Management Team for proper handling.

Continuity of operations

A decision has to be made on whether it is safe to return to the original location if the threat has been eliminated. This should be communicated to all staff members by the company head or their alternate. When leaving the emergency location:

²  Notify all staff members.

²  Notify your customers on resumption to the original location.

²  Arrange for working equipment to be carefully moved.

²  Shred all unwanted documents for safety.

²  Erase any information on the writing boards/pads.

²  Archive all documents containing information.

²  Ensure all utilities are functioning properly.

²  Ensure all required applications are working with no hitch.

²  Perform validation tests to ensure all the systems are in order.

A call tree is very important when conducting a headcount for all staff members. To ensure there are no surprises during an emergency:

Ø  The team leads should circulate all staff phone numbers within the department. This will ensure everyone can easily be contacted in case of a crisis.

Ø  Contact details should be up to date. It is the responsibility of each staff member to ensure their contact details are updated and should notify the BCP champions in case of changes.

Ø  Each staff member should provide contacts of their next of kin in case we are unable to trace them in the event of an emergency.

Ø  A call tree should be activated by the team lead and flow all the way to the team members. The final call should come back to them and if that does not happen it is possible there are some people not accounted for.


Other than the phone numbers of each staff member, a good Business Continuity plan should include emergency contacts for nearby hospitals and police stations. In the event of an emergency, the safety of every member is a priority. In case of immediate evacuation, staff members should not struggle to carry their belongings as this could pose a great risk. It is important that the BCP is circulated to all staff members for them to internalize in the event of a crisis.